Most Reliable Public Health Information
Top 15 Medical Journals:
Trustworthy Popular Scientific Journals:
These sources frequently use inflammatory language, have questionable funding sources and/or unethical marketing practices. They frequently publish widely-debunked disinformation and conspiracy theories. While they do publish some factual information, their extreme editorial bias often distorts the meaning. These are some of the most widely shared sources of disinformation on social media.
There are many, many other sources of questionable information. If you’re not sure if a source is reliable, we’re happy to help check it out for you. Send us a message.
Do not trust news or information that comes from these sources.
Russia Today (RT) – A state-run media outlet that frequently is used by the Russian government to spread its disinfo campaigns.
Sputnik – A state-run media outlet that frequently is used by the Russian government to spread its disinfo campaigns.
American Greatness – Frequently re-post from RT and Sputnik as if it were original content. Frequently use hate speech and inflammatory language. They do not use any fact checking.
Red State – Frequently re-post from RT and Sputnik as if it were original content. Frequently use hate speech and inflammatory language. Frequently publish conspiracy theories. They do not use any fact checking.
Red State Watcher – Frequently re-post from RT and Sputnik as if it were original content. Frequently use hate speech and inflammatory language.
DC Clothesline – Frequently re-post from RT and Sputnik and Project Veritas (a known creator of disinformation) as if it were original content. Frequently use hate speech and inflammatory language.
DC Dirty Laundry – Frequently re-post from RT and Sputnik and Project Veritas (a known creator of disinformation) as if it were original content. Frequently use hate speech and inflammatory language.
Breitbart – Content has been described as misogynistic, xenophobic, and racist by both republicans and democrats. Breitbart describes itself as “the platform for the alt-right,” as stories tout white nationalist and neo-Nazi ideals. In doing so, it openly promotes threats of violence and fringe groups meeting up in real life to “take the country back.”
Epoch Times – Aggressive and extremely unethical marketing practices that attempt to gradually radicalize readers. They fund, and are funded by, cults and donations by recruits, such as “The New Religious Movement”, Falun Gong, and has loose affiliation with The Unification Church (i.e. Moonies).
Gateway Pundit – Known for “misidentifying shooters and terrorists,” and touting QAnon conspiracies. It’s run by a former editor for Breitbart who has been accused of advocating for pedophilia.
Zero Hedge – Aggressive, inflammatory news opinions, redistributed from larger far-right publishers. Founder had been barred from the financial securities industry for insider trading. Banned from using Google ads for “explicitly publishing derogatory content that promotes hatred, intolerance, violence or discrimination based on race.”
American Greatness – Selects topics that are factual, but mixes them with sources that promote conspiracy, such as The Daily Caller and Gateway Pundit. Promoted “alternative,” ineffective, and dangerous “cures” during Covid, and promotes unproven political conspiracies and QAnon rhetoric.
Big League Politics – Founded by former Breitbart employees. Promotes QAnon and promotes white nationalist Republican candidates, anti-LGBTQ conspiracies.
Activist Post – Activist Post is a proxy domain that keeps its owners anonymous. NewsGuard tech has reported the proxy linking to Costa Rica, Croatia, and Thailand. It makes its money from crypto currency donations and ads. It’s known for its health and government surveillance conspiracies, meant to scare readers into taking offline action against threats.
Western Journal – Western Journal publishes sensationalized, religious, conspiratorial content that often aims to diminish all minorities and non-Christians as criminals
Intellihub – Intellihub gives the impression that it is run by intelligence professionals. It is not. It is run by a talk show host and film producer with no political background. The About page claims to be run by activists against “the establishment of power,” and touts anti-Semitic “Globalist” conspiracies while using inflammatory scare tactics to convince readers that they are being watched, attacked, and toyed with by “the biased Left facing government and corporate powers.”
Infowars – Infowars is the most prolific source of conspiracy content, according to The Southern Poverty Law Center. Many of the stories published on this site promote harassment of targets in question. Their funding comes largely from questionable “health supplements” that the founder sells on his show under the Infowars brand.
WND – WND publishes a large amount of “white nationalist” content that touts anti-government conspiracies, and promotes the degradation of the LGBTQ community and minorities. It is also known to post stories with ties to Russian disinfo campaigns.
World Truth.TV – Claims to have access to “sacred knowledge” that it wishes to share with the public in order to “educate them” with “powerful concealed information” by the U.S. Government, and “globalist” powers. Many of their pieces are republished from other sources on this list, among others that are lesser known. They have made many baseless claims related to “Covid conspiracy debunks,” that are in fact conspiracies themselves.
21st Century Wire – Claims to be a warrior in the fight against “Fake News.” The owner of this site has direct ties with the owner of Infowars. They tend to repost their content from Russian media sites like RT and Sputnik. Their stories promote white nationalist rhetoric, while using sensational, inflammatory headlines to mislead readers.
The Federalist – Often publishes content that promotes COVID-19 and lockdown conspiracies, calling on local, self-organized militias to “fight back” against health experts and authorities. Their source of funding is unclear, but suspected to be from sources that support a variety of “hard-right” and extremist groups. Additional conspiracies include LGBTQ as a “war on women,” election fraud, and BLM as “an excuse for black Americans to commit crime.”